Covering a total land area of 3,287,263 sq.km, India is the world’s 7th largest and the 2nd-most populous country; that extends from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to the tropical rain forests in the south.
As observed on the map, the Himalayas form the highest mountain range in the world, and slope southwards into a large fertile plain that covers most part of the country. The Himalayas comprises of three parallel mountain ranges including the Himadri, Himachal and Shivaliks, that extends from the Indus River in the northwest, to the Brahmaputra River in the east. All these mountain ranges are interspersed with deep canyons, plateaus and valleys. The highest point in India is Mount Kanchenjunga which rises to 28,208 ft. (8,598 m). The lowest point is the Indian Ocean (0m).
Numerous rivers drain the land and the extensive floodplains are mainly formed by three river basins – the Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. the Ganges is the heartbeat of India and one of the most significant rivers on the planet. In the north western part of the country is the Thar Desert region. The land rises slightly into two plateaus, bordered in the central and south by lower mountains (Western and Eastern Ghats), that gently slope into narrow coastal plains.
India is divided into 28 states and 8 Union Territories. The states are: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal. The Union Territories are: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Lakshadweep and Puducherry.
Covering a total land area of 3,287,263 sq.km, India is the world’s 7th largest and the 2nd-most populous country. Located in the north-central part of the country in the National Capital Territory of Delhi is, New Delhi – the capital of India. Situated in the western coast of the country is Mumbai – the largest and the most-populated city of India. It is also the country’s chief port as well as the industrial and commercial center.
India is a large country located on the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia. India is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by Afghanistan and Pakistan in the north-west; by China, Nepal and Bhutan in the north; and by Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar) in the east. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the southwest; by Bay of Bengal in the southeast; and by the Indian Ocean in the south. The narrow channel of Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar separates the island nation of Sri Lanka from the Indian mainland.
India Bordering Countries: China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Pakistan.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Legal Name||Republic of India|
|Capital City||New Delhi|
|28 36 N, 77 12 E|
|Total Area||3,287,263.00 km2|
|Land Area||2,973,193.00 km2|
|Water Area||314,070.00 km2|
|Currency||Indian rupees (INR)|
|GDP Per Capita||$2,104.15|
This page was last updated on February 24, 2021